FOREST SOLUTIONS ENHANCED
The UN-REDD Programme has been supporting tropical forest countries in integrating and enhancing LULUCF sector actions relating to REDD+ to increase the ambition in their new or updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). This includes support for the inclusion of enhanced or new targets or commitments in the forest sector, improvements in institutional coordination to support the submission of the NDCs, as well as secured finance to enhance NDC mitigation actions in the forest sector.
According to the UNFCCC Synthesis Report (2021), 90 percent of “second generation” NDCs – the 116 new or updated NDCs submitted to the UNFCCC by December, 2020 — include the LULUCF sector, compared to just 76 percent of “first generation” NDCs. Furthermore, 57 percent of these updated or new NDCs refer specifically to forests as a domestic opportunity for reducing emissions. Since 2018, in addition to providing REDD+ technical advice via UNDP’s Climate Promise to benefit the 53 countries requesting LULUCF-related support, UN-REDD has supported 20 countries in integrating forest-related activities into their enhanced NDCs.
In the case of Chile, for example, the LULUCF sector is now included in the integration pillar of the country’s updated NDC. In the case of the forestry sector, ambition in the form of sectoral commitments has increased. Two new commitments are included, regarding REDD+ and the National Landscape Restoration Plan.
Colombia increased the ambition of its NDC and committed to reducing emissions from deforestation from more than 170,000 hectares in 2020 to less than 100,000 hectares per year by 2025 and to 50,000 hectares per year by 2030.
In the case of Costa Rica, the planned work to accelerate and enhance NDC mitigation actions in the forest and land-use sectors was achieved. In the context of the GCF REDD+ Results-based Payment project, approved in October, 2020 and launched in 2021, nearly $24 million was successfully channeled to support the National Payment for Environmental Services Programme and the National Forest Fire Prevention and Management Programme.
In Côte d’Ivoire, the planned work included consolidation, finalization and submission of the reviewed NDC, with due integration of forest solutions and REDD+ plans. UN-REDD is supporting the Government of Côte d’Ivoire in its official submission of the revised NDC to the UNFCCC Secretariat. At the same time, support was provided to the development of the revised NDC implementation plan, with a focus on financing modalities in respect to forest solutions, including consolidation of inputs from different technical working groups and partner institutions, and more importantly, integration of forest solutions and REDD+ plans. For example, with respect to climate change mitigation, the revised NDC includes two unconditional and one conditional forest solution. These forest solutions represent the largest mitigation potential from all sectors.
While progress is being made, as the country examples above help demonstrate, it is also clear that many countries have not yet fully explored the opportunities that REDD+ can bring to the NDC process to facilitate both mitigation and adaptation efforts in the forest sector. This points to the value of ongoing support through UN-REDD to build the linkages between NDCs and REDD+ for the forest sector.